Crack Cocaine Facts
- Of the 4.2 million Americans
who have ever tried crack, about 600,000 are currently addicted.
experts call it the most addictive drug; and some users say they were addicted
the moment they first put a pipe to their lips.
is a form of cocaine that has been chemically altered so that it can be smoked.
The process changes cocaine into a chemical "base" which places it in
a category of cocaine known as freebase.
smoked, crack reaches the brain within seconds, producing instant effects which
last eight to fifteen minutes.
respiratory problems are often seen in crack users, including lung damage, chest
congestion, wheezing, spitting up black phlegm, extreme hoarseness, and burning
of the lips, tongue and throat.
physical side effects of crack include body burn-out and malnutrition and possible
liver damage. The drug depletes levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter involved
in regulation of mood, attention, and motivation.
cravings are a main feature of addiction. In fact, most hooked users will keep
right on using until they run out of money or run out of the drug.
use can trigger a full-blown psychosis, with the same symptoms as paranoid schizophrenia.
the early 80s the use of freebase cocaine became popular among those searching
for the highest high.
is sold in small plastic vials in the form of small white, gray or beige rough
chunks that can be smoked in a marijuana or tobacco cigarette, or in a pipe stem
often made of glass.
can be purchased in small amounts enough for two uses for an average of $5 to
- Regular users frequently
report feeling "wired" a hyperaroused state which users often try to
deal with by using sedative drugs, including alcohol and opiates.
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- Drug Facts
- Marijuana use can also lower sperm counts possibly resulting in difficulty in having children.
- The negative side effects of habitual cocaine use that was responsible for coining the phrase, "dope fiend".
- The variability in quality of street heroin can range from 0-90%, which greatly increases the risk of accidental overdose and death.
- Alcohol- is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream from the small intestine, and less rapidly from the stomach and colon. In proportion to its concentration in the bloodstream, alcohol decreases activity in parts of the brain and spinal cord.